OPTIMIZING THE DIRECTOR GENERAL OF CUSTOMS SUPERVISION OF ACT CRIMINAL MONEY LAUNDERING IN EFFORTS TO RESCUE STATE ASSETS

  • Yasmirah MandasarI Saragih University Pembangunan Panca Budi Medan
  • Redyanto Sidi University Pembangunan Panca Budi Medan
  • Muhammad Mahendra Maskhur Sinaga University Pembangunan Panca Budi Medan

Abstract

Money laundering crimes (TPPU) are increasingly complex, crossing jurisdictional boundaries, using increasingly varied modes. ML has penetrated into various sectors, so that it can threaten the integrity and stability of the financial system and the economy, as well as endanger the foundations of social, national and state life. This study aims to describe and analyze the regulatory dimensions of policies in controlling cash and/or other payment instruments whose implementation is borne by DJBC. This research uses a type of normative legal research method with a qualitative descriptive approach. The results of the study show that DGCE's policy in supervising the carrying of cash is based on 2 (two) dimensions of different laws and regulations. First, the dimensions of prevention, monitoring and supervision of the potential of ML. Second, the dimension of the manifestation of Bank Indonesia's authority to request information and data regarding foreign exchange activities that cross national borders. The results of the study show that DGCE's policy in supervising the carrying of cash is based on 2 (two) dimensions of different laws and regulations. First, the dimensions of prevention, monitoring and supervision of the potential of ML. Second, the dimension of the manifestation of Bank Indonesia's authority to request information and data regarding foreign exchange activities that cross national borders. The DGCE's role is increasingly important and strategic in overseeing the transfer of cash and/or other payment instruments to and from the territory of the Unitary Republic of Indonesia in order to prevent and eradicate money laundering crimes.

References

Amrullah. (2003). Money Laundering and Organized Crime. Journal of Law, Volume 10 No. 22 p. 130-146.
Come on. (2018). Law Enforcement of Cash Carrying ControlBased on Legislation. Media Iuris, Volume 1 No. 3 h. 496- 513.
Bawole, GY (2011). The Proof System in Money Laundering Crimes in Indonesia According to Law Number 23 of 2004. Manado: Faculty of Law, University of Sam Ratulangi.
Bonang. (2011). Criticism of the Time Value of Money. El-Hikam Journal, Volume IV Number 2, h. 95-108.
Philanthrope. (2018). The Role of Bank Indonesia in Money Circulation Policy in Indonesia. Medan: Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business, State Islamic University of North Sumatra.
Fajar and Ahmad. (2017). Dualism of Normative and Empirical Legal Research. Yogyakarta: Student Libraries.
Henry and Lanier. (2006). The Prism of Crime: Arguments for an Integrated Definition of Crime. Journal Justice Quarterly, Volume 15 Number 4, p 609-627.
Holsty.(1969). Content Analysis for the Social Science and Humanities. Massachusetts: Addison.
Husein. (2006). Economic Scientific Forum for Accounting Studies and the National Meeting of the Indonesian Accounting Student Network. Padang: FIESTA.
Insani and Haryadi. (2020). Money Laundry Through Online Games. Journal of Multi-Dimensional Accounting, Volume 3 No. 1p 321-330.
Irman. (2017). Money Laundering, Law of Proof of Money Launderingin the Determination of Suspects.Jakarta: Gramedia.
Jahja. (2012). Against Money Laundering.Jakarta: Visimedia.
Ministry of Finance. (2019, December 30). Directorate General of Customs and Excise As Trade Facilitator and Industrial Assistance. Retrieved from https://www.beacukai.go. en/news/directorate-general-customs-and-excise-as-trade-facilitator-and-industrial-assistance.html
Koentjaraningrat. (1983). Community Research Methods. Jakarta:Gramedia. Cash. (2018). Penalties for Carrying Foreign Banknotes of More Than IDR 1 Billion Apply
Early Week. Retrieved from https://nasional.kontan.co.id/news/sanksi-bawaan-uang-kertas-asing-lebih-dari-rp-1-miliar-berlaku-awal-pekan
Kurniawan, I. (2012). The Development of Money Laundering Crimes and Its Impact on the Economic and Business Sectors. Journal of Law Science.
Famous. (2005). Economic Theory in Islam. Yogyakarta:Discourse Creation. Miles and Huberman. (2009). Qualitative Data Analysis. Jakarta: UI-Press.
Nasution, et al. (2007). Exclusive Introduction to Islamic Economics. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group.
Noble and Golumbic. (1998). A New Anti-Crime Framework for The World: Merging the Objective and Subjective Models for Fighting Money Laundering.Pol, Volume 30 Number 79 p 79.
Nopirin. (1992). Monetary Economics. Yogyakarta:BPFE.
Indonesian NRAs. (2015). Indonesia's Risk Assessment of Money Laundering Crimes. Jakarta: Center for Financial Transaction Reporting and Analysis.
PPATK. (2019). Anti-Money Laundering and Prevention of Terrorism Financing. Jakarta: PPATK.
PPATK. (2019, July 17). Money Laundering in the Prism of Crime. Retrieved fromhttp://www.ppatk.go.id/siaran_pers/read/963/pendicucian-uang-dalam-prisma-crime. html
Sari. (2016). The Development and Thoughts of Money from Time to Time. An-Nisbah Journal, Volume 03 Number 01, p 39-58.
Sholihin. (2010). Sharia Economics Smart Book. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Sigalingging, et al. (2004). Money Circulation Policy in Indonesia. Jakarta: Center for Central Banking Studies and Education.
Soekanto and Mamudji. (2001). Normative Legal Research (An OverviewShort).New York: RajawaliPres.
Solikin and Suseno. (2002). Money: Definition, Creation, and Its Role in the Economy. Jakarta: Center for Central Banking Studies and Education.
Sugiyono. (2012). Quantitative Research Methods, Qualitative, and R&D. Bandung: Alphabet.
Sutedi. (2008).Money Laundering Crime.Bandung: Devotional Image.
Trinugroho. (2004, September). Developments in the Eradication of Money Laundering Crimes in Indonesia. Newsletter No. 58, p. 9.
Yani. (2013). Money Laundering Crimes (Review of Law Number 8 of 2010 concerning Prevention and Eradication of Money Laundering Crimes). WIDYA Yustisia Journal, Volume 1 No. 1 p. 20-28.
Published
2023-01-13
How to Cite
SARAGIH, Yasmirah MandasarI; SIDI, Redyanto; SINAGA, Muhammad Mahendra Maskhur. OPTIMIZING THE DIRECTOR GENERAL OF CUSTOMS SUPERVISION OF ACT CRIMINAL MONEY LAUNDERING IN EFFORTS TO RESCUE STATE ASSETS. Proceeding International Conference of Science Technology and Social Humanities, [S.l.], v. 1, p. 405 - 413, jan. 2023. Available at: <https://jurnal.pancabudi.ac.id/index.php/icesshi/article/view/4561>. Date accessed: 21 june 2024.