Qur’an Murottal Therapy for Decreasing Childbirth Pain and Anxiety in the Normal Phase II Childbirth Women
Lolita Nugraeny, Yusridawati Nasution, Herlia Sumardha, Purnama Handayani, Fitriani
Childbirth is the process of the secretion of fetus, placenta, and membrane from the womb through birth canal. There are anxiety, panic, and worry about severe pain felt by women in the process of childbirth which causes its process to take a long time. To solve these problems, it is recommended that they take a deep breath and be accompanied by their husbands. One of the distraction techniques for solving anxiety is by conducting murottal therapy (listening to the Qur’an verses recital). The objective of the research was to find out the influence of the Qur’an Murottal therapy on the decrease in pain and anxiety during the process of childbirth in normal phase II childbirth women. The research used quasi experimental method with one group pretest-posttest design. The population was all women with normal childbirth in the Klinik Bersalin (Maternity Clinic) Dina, and 10 of them were used as the samples, taken by using accidental sampling technique. The instruments were observation sheets and the voice of the Qur’an recital recording. The data were analyzed by using univariate analysis and bivariate analysis with paired t-test. The result of the research showed that in pre-the Qur’an murottal therapy, the majority of respondents underwent the change to mild pain scale and underwent moderate anxiety. In post-therapy, it tended to be mild anxiety. The conclusion of the research was that there was the influence of the Qur’an murottal therapy on the decrease in childbirth pain and anxiety in normal childbirth Phase II women. It is recommended that the health care providers, especially midwives, apply the Qur’an murottal therapy in decreasing the level of pain and anxiety during the process of childbirth.