The Halalan Toyyibah Concept In The Al-Qur'an Perspective And Its Application With Food Products In Indonesia
The Qur'an provides information that food for humans and animals is already available on Earth but requires effort before being eaten. In addition, people are told to eat food that is lawful and good (Toyib) with no excess, or exceeding limits. Halal in terms of searching, picking and collecting it, and not in an illegal way. Q.S. Al-Baqarah (2): 168 explains: "O mankind, eat from whatever is on earth [that is] lawful and good and do not follow the footsteps of Satan. Indeed, he is to you a clear enemy.”. With regard to the food that is "Halalan Toyyiban" (halal and good) which have been mentioned above, it is also mentioned in Q.S. Al-Maidah (5): 88 as follows: "And eat of what Allah has provided for you [which is] lawful and good. And fear Allah, in whom you are believers.” In that verse Allah commands to eat the halal and good sustenances which He has given. What is meant by "halal" in this verse is synonymous with the meaning mentioned in verse 168 of Al-Baqarah, i.e. halal things and halal ways of obtaining them. Whereas "thayyib" (good) is in terms of its usefulness which are: beneficial to the body, contains nutrients, vitamins, proteins and others that suit the needs of a person's body. Because, the food which is bad or is forbidden, if consumed, will damage the health, such as eating up food that has expired, contains formalin, or contains toxins and others. What has become today's issue is that many products that circulate in the community has been categorized as “halal”, yet they have a bad impact on human health, such as instant noodles, supplements, condiments, sweetened condensed milk with different brands and varieties. People are confused and doubtful about the halal standards issued by MUI, meanwhile the Halal Products categorized are products that have been declared halal in accordance with Islamic law (UUJPH No 33 Year 2014) and this Law also limits any category of products, that Products are goods and / or services related to food, drink, medicine, cosmetics, chemical products, biological products, genetic engineering products, and consumables, used, or utilized by the public. Differences in the principle of producing a standardized halalan toyyibah products result in the absence of super strict supervision and extra careful on halal certification will impact the wider community in relation to physical and psychological health. This research is expected to be able to compare the two sides of the halal concept in the perspective of Law (UU), Shari'ah and from Nutrition Science, so that there will be clear conclusions about how the shari'ah desires the concept of food that is halalan toyyibah to be.